THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE U. S. NAVY BACKGROUND QUESTIONNAIRE FOR NROTC (REGULAR) SELECTION
NAVAL PERSONNEL RESEARCH ACTIVITY SAN DIEGO CA
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The purpose of this project was to develop an instrument useful in selecting NROTC Regular students with maximum likelihood of ultimately choosing a naval career. The new test would supplement the interviews and the tests of aptitude and interest now used. Two earlier NROTC selection instruments, Forms 1 and 2 of the NROTC Regular Questionnaire, had been constructed and administered in 1956-1958 to applicants for NROTC scholarships for whom criterion information career decision recently became available. Forms 1 and 2 were used as an item pool for development of the new instrument. The above forms were analyzed and the questions showing the greatest effectiveness in predicting career choice over an eight-year period were identified and assembled into a new instrument, the U. S. Navy Background Questionnaire. Several experimental scoring keys were constructed and cross- validated on a group of subjects not included in the original item analysis. Analysis of the data indicated the new form to have sufficient predictive validity to warrant its use in the NROTC selection program. As more information on the career choice of NROTC students tested during 1957-1963 becomes available, refinement of the U. S. Navy Background Questionnaire will be possible and is planned.
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