INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR IN A SIMULATED PANIC SITUATION.
Final technical rept. 15 Oct 66-14 Oct 67,
NORTH CAROLINA UNIV CHARLOTTE
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Studies are reported in which Ss effort to escape a danger situation are thwarted by the actions of fellow group members jamming the escape exit in their own escape attempts. S could either try to escape in cooperation with the others by waiting his turn, or sacrifice them in order to save himself. Response behavior was investigated as a function of group composition and personality variables. No significant differences in incidence of panic were found between 1 males vs. females, b females from two subject populations, c mixed sex vs. single sex groups, d United States Naval Reservists vs. male college students. Older Naval Reservists with longer periods of service demonstrated a marked, though nonsignificant, reduction in the panic response, as compared to younger Naval Reservists with shorter periods of service. Comparing those who demonstrated the panic response with those who did not on three objective tests of personality revealed that males who panicked scored significantly higher on the Neuroticism Scale of the Maudsley Personality Inventory than males who did not panic. Author