A SURVEY OF SOVIET WORK IN THE THEORY OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING
RAND PROJECT AIR FORCE SANTA MONICA CA
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The report is a critical survey of Soviet efforts to develop a mathematical theory of computer programming and automatic programming methods PP or programming programs. The study traces the development of the operator theory of A. A. Lyapunov and his associates from its starting point in program schemes designed to represent specific problem-solving algorithms to its algebraic formulation in terms of the theory of categories. Other authors have attempted to adapt graph theory and the theory of algorithms to the construction of better programming languages. In contrast to FORTRAN, the practical result of PP has been to raise, rather than lower, the level of technical knowledge required for programming. Current Soviet research is directed toward adaptation and extension of ALGOL 60 rather than further theoretical work. Some of the Russian work, however, may be of practical relevance, particularly Glebovs synthesis of operators from measurably simpler ones.
- Computer Programming and Software