MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF SKIN EXPOSED TO THERMAL RADIATION
NAVAL AIR DEVELOPMENT CENTER WARMINSTER PA AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH DEPT
Pagination or Media Count:
Prediction of dermal injury resulting from exposure to thermal energy of any given intensity and duration depends entirely upon the resultant skin temperature-time history. Means are now available for assessing heat transfer by low temperature radiation, convection and conduction to the bare skin and through thin protective coverings of known physical properties. However, thermal effects of nuclear detonations constitute a special problem because much of the radiation lies in the visible range where the optical properties of the skin and its coverings, if any, greatly influence the heating pattern. Blackening of the skin eliminates effects due to its optical properties but enhances the ever-present variations in the thermal constants of the skin. The present report describes the utilization of a mathematical equation and computer techniques for extracting these variations from empirical data obtained at relatively low levels of radiation 0.5 Calsq cm sec., and applying extrapolations of these values in calculations of temperature-time histories at higher levels of irradiance where empirical data are lacking. This procedure is subject to validation by experimentation within a limited range of exposures. If validation is achieved in the blackened skin then the entire system may be utilized in the determination of optical properties of unblackened skin.
- Medicine and Medical Research