A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF YNGVE'S DEPTH HYPOTHESIS.
UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE TRUJILLO (PERU) FACULTAD DE LETRAS Y EDUCACION
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The report gives the results obtained in comparing English, German, Spanish and Japanese in the light of Yngves Depth Hypothesis. Sixty-eight different language patterns distributed over 111 different sentences in these languages and a scientific text were analyzed for their maximum depth and their depth load. The findings were the following a There is a limit to regressive expansion in each of the languages analyzed. b Japanese stands distinctively apart from the three Indo-European languages, having a considerably greater depth. c The specific syntactic devices responsible for greater depth in Japanese are given. d The concept of depth load proved to be a criterion for further differentiation of the syntax of the four languages. e Regressive structures often reflect a collectivistic mentality versus an individualistic one as expressed in progressive structures. f The syntactic devices producing structures of greater depth are a major problem for the learner, which must be mastered by special drills graded according to increasing depth. Author