RAPID SCREENING OF TACTICAL IMAGERY AS A FUNCTION OF DISPLAY TIME
Technical research note
ARMY BEHAVOIR AND SYSTEMS RESEARCH LAB ARLINGTON VA
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An experimental study was made to assess the effectiveness of two techniques for rapid screening to select imagery frames of high military potential and to determine the effects of variations in display time on screening performance. Two samples of image interpreters, each consisting of three matched groups, screened three sets of imagery at three different display time intervals 5, 15, and 25 seconds per frame for Sample 1 10, 20, and 30 seconds per frame for Sample 2. Each interpreter was instructed to perform two screening functions while scanning each print--1 annotate on the frame all areas of military activity he detected and 2 assign to each print a priority rating of High, Medium, or Low to indicate estimated intelligence value of the frame. Interpreter performance under the two methods was compared in terms of accuracy and validity of the annotations and priority ratings across the six screening time intervals. Results of the study definitely favored the priority ratings technique over annotation screening. The ratings, of high accuracy even with short viewing time, improved significantly both in accuracy and in validity with longer display time. Generally, performance was better on the measures which were less complex and showed fewer target areas. Validity of the number of annotations on a frame, generally low, did not vary significantly with display time. More incorrect as well as correct annotations were made, a finding similar to previous BESRL findings for unspeeded interpretation performance.
- Printing and Graphic Arts
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems