COGNITIVE FACTORS IN INFORMATION PROCESSING.
MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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The general framework proposed to use in interpreting human information-processing behavior is that of a program for processing data. The term program as used in this report has essentially the same meaning, and is presumed to serve a similar function, as does the program which governs an electronic data-processing system or any organization of people engaged in a complex task or production. Reference to the analogy between human functions and a stored-program computer, as various writers have emphasized, permits us to talk about alternative processes or procedures for operating on data in complex ways, independently of the particular data on which these operations are performed or the particular system that is processing the data. Author