HOW TO SUCCEED IN BUSINESS ACCORDING TO BUSINESS STUDENTS AND MANAGERS.
PITTSBURGH UNIV PA MANAGEMENT RESEARCH CENTER
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The Organizational Success Questionnaire was developed to see the extent graduate business students and middle managers accept the opinions of the social theorists and the political theorists about what it takes to succeed in large organizations. Six factors emerged in a first analysis but failed to remain sufficiently independent. Consequently, a social approach scale was constructed with a mean internal consistency reliability of .72 and a mean retest reliability of .52. A political scale yielded similar reliabilities. Slight, but meaningful relations were found between scale responses and responses to other inventories of orientation and value. Both social and political approaches are needed for success, fairly or very often, according to the respondents the social somewhat more than the political. But initially students favored less activity of either kind compared to middle managers. Following training the managers remained unchanged but the students became more like the managers. Author
- Administration and Management
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations