A CONSIDERATION OF TWO ASSUMPTIONS UNDERLYING FIEDLER'S CONTIGENCY MODEL FOR THE PREDICTION OF LEADERSHIP EFFECTIVENESS
ILLINOIS UIV AT URBANA GROUP EFFECTIVENESS RESEARCH LAB
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An attempt was made to explore two of the basic assumptions underlying Fiedlers 1964, 1965 Contingency Model 1 the assumption that different group-task situations require a different leader-group member interaction, i.e., demand different types of leadership behaviors and 2 the assumption that these demands will covary systematically with the three dimensions of the group-task situation specified by the Contingency Model. One hundred forty-one male undergraduates rated the way they believed the Most Effective Leader MEL should perform in each of eight group-task situations on a Behavioral Description Questionnaire. The results indicated that although these ratings of the MELs behavior did vary across the different group-task situations, the ratings were significantly influenced by only two of the three group-task dimensions isolated by Fiedler, namely, the leader-member relations and the position power dimensions. Additional hypotheses related to the Contingency Model were also investigated and discussed.