A TECHNIQUE FOR SOLVING THE GENERAL REACTION-RATE EQUATIONS IN THE ATMOSPHERE
Environmental research papers no. 263
AIR FORCE CAMBRIDGE RESEARCH LABS HANSCOM AFB MA
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With the availability of numerical techniques for solving an extensive set of nonlinear differential equations and high-speed computers for performing the calculations, interest in solving the unrestricted reaction-rate equations is growing among ionospheric researchers. In view of this a refinement is given of the techniques previously developed in PB-163 071 and AD- 424 173. The computer code is written to solve the photochemical behavior of 15 atmospheric species these species are electrons, O-, O2-, O3-, NO2-, O, O2, N2, NO, NO, N, NO2, O3, N2O, and O. Built into the code are 168 reactions that can conceivably take place among these constituents. Several examples of the results obtained using the code are presented, including the buildup of ionization from zero concentrations at altitudes in the D and E regions and the deionization of an atmosphere with high initial electron densities. The diurnal variation of the atmospheric constituents is also presented along with profiles for the above-mentioned species from 60 km to 120 km. The computer codes are included in their entirety with complete explanations on their usage.
- Atmospheric Physics
- Physical Chemistry
- Radiation and Nuclear Chemistry