THE STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS OF RESEARCH AND EXPLORATORY DEVELOPMENT IN DEFENSE R AND D INDUSTRY.
Research and development studies series,
STANFORD RESEARCH INST MENLO PARK CALIF
Pagination or Media Count:
The results of this study are considered to have the following implications to the Department of Defense Expenditures in defense R and ED have an impact, dollar for dollar, in providing a greater geographical distribution of resources than other categories, b less concentration of resources with large business, c a greater number of performers, and d greater levels of employment The much smaller size of the typical R and ED contract and the greater uncertainties entailed suggest that one way to reduce uncertainties is to award multiple parallel studies, thereby achieving greater statistical chances of producing results without undue additional costs The infrequent use of universities and nonprofit organizations as subcontractors by commercial defense contractors raises a question concerning the adequacy of present mechanisms for using the R and ED results that are being produced by the large investments in these categories The trend of increasing expenditures in the fraction of RDTE funds going to R and ED suggests that the work performed in the potential bridging categories of Exploratory Development and Advanced Development be studied to determine whether there is transfer and full use of the results of R and ED and whether this situation can be improved.
- Administration and Management
- Economics and Cost Analysis