HUMAN PERFORMANCE UNDER CONDITIONS OF COLD AND STRESS. REPORT ON UNIT EFFECTIVENESS.
Rept., for Apr-Jul 66,
ARCTIC AEROMEDICAL LAB FORT WAINWRIGHT ALASKA
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At the request of the Surgeons Office, U.S. Army, Alaska, USARAL, the Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory psychologist accompanied 30 Army personnel on a field exercise near Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska, to study behavior and performance under conditions of cold and stress. The men were divided into squads of 10 men each, representing three companies. Personality and attitude scales were administered before, during and after the exercise. Analysis showed the essential character of dynamic leadership purpose and direction necessary for mission success. It also pointed up that the absence of these characteristics variables leads to independent and separate action with the consequent result of unit ineffectiveness. The most important factor in mission success seemed to be good leadership.