A SUMMARY OF RESEARCH IN TRAINING FOR ADVISORY ROLES IN OTHER CULTURES BY THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES LABORATORY.
Final rept., 1963-66,
AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LABS WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO
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Due to the crucial need for improved interpersonal relations between United States Air Force technical advisors overseas and the indigenous persons with whom they work, a program of research has been established to improve methods for training cross-cultural communicative skills. This research is divided into four parts 1 identification in the field of critical incidents and analysis of interactions between Americans and native persons 2 development, testing, and evaluation of means of collecting information on other cultures 3 development in the laboratory of new training programs, using Air Force personnel in actual operational contexts. Each of these aspects is described, as is a major laboratory experiment. This study compared two training methods for teaching cross-cultural interaction skills. Subjects trained under self-confrontation viewing videotape recordings of their performances in role-play situations learned faster and attained a higher terminal level of performance than subjects who received a standard training manual to read. Subjects with positive attitudes toward the foreign culture learned faster than subjects with neutral or negative attitudes. Retention of skills learned through self-confrontation was high over a 2-week interval. A discussion of future research employing video-tape and the self-confrontation phenomenon is given. Author
- Humanities and History