Accession Number:

AD0648492

Title:

SIMULATED OCCUPANCY SHELTER TESTS CONDUCTED DURING THE PERIOD OF JULY 5, 1962 THROUGH NOVEMBER 5, 1964

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.

Corporate Author:

FLORIDA UNIV GAINESVILLE ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL EXPERIMENT STATION

Report Date:

1966-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

262.0

Abstract:

A series of tests using simulated occupants were conducted on 24 underground survival shelters located in various geographical areas of the United States. The purpose of this test program was to evaluate changes in shelter environment brought about by shelter occupants. These shelters were loaded with simulated occupants in a manner similar to the loading anticipated during a national emergency brought about due to radioactive fallout as the result of a nuclear attack. A second objective of this program was to determine the minimum amount of mechanical equipment necessary to control the shelter environment to a level suitable for human survival. In accord with guidelines established by the Office of Civil Defense most of the test shelters were loaded on the basis of one occupant per ten square feet of floor area. However, special shelters such as the St. Louis Command Center were tested at lower loadings and during the course of the program other shelter loadings were used to investigate the effect of shelter loading on the environment within the shelter. Ventilation air was conditioned to conform to typical values of effective temperature for the test locale. Shelters were tested under simulated summer and winter climatic conditions. Simulated occupants were used and adjusted so as to release sensible and latent heat to the shelter atmosphere in quantities equivalent to those that would be released by human occupants. Suitable ventilation air flow rates were determined for the shelters tested. An equation was developed based on the relationship between shelter environment, surrounding earth temperature, and ambient air effective temperature.

Subject Categories:

  • Air Conditioning, Heating, Lighting and Ventilating
  • Structural Engineering and Building Technology
  • Civil Defense

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE