Accession Number:

AD0648103

Title:

HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF PLAGUE IN CHINA

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

ARMY BIOLOGICAL DEFENSE RESEARCH CENTERFREDERICK MD

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1964-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

28.0

Abstract:

Study of Chinese manuscripts and classic works of Chinese medicine shows that plague as a pestilential disease has been known in China since antiquity. During the intensive development of trade routes by means of sailing wooden fleets, and also unsanitarily maintained steam fleets numerous cases of ship-borne infected rats from plague foci of the southern seas occurred, leading to outbreaks and epidemics of port plague. Progress in ship-building, and also in the system of rat extermination and quarantine measures sharply remedied the situation. At present, the entry of plagues by sea is extremely rare only 2 of ocean-going ships are infested with rats. As a result, port plague in China during the last several decades has essentially disappeared. This permits a better understanding of the structure of foci which have retained their activity until recent times.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Microbiology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE