THE PSYCHOBIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW VERBAL BEHAVIOR. PART I. AN EXPERIMENT IN TEACHING A SECOND LANGUAGE; PART II. THE EFFECTS OF LISTENING DISCRIMINATION TRAINING UPON ECHOIC ACCURACY; PART III. SOME EFFECTS OF VARIOUS REINFORCEMENT CONTINGENCIES ON PERFORMANCES DURING A COURSE IN PROGRAMMED VIETNAMESE.
Final technical rept., 1 Mar 60-1 Mar 66,
INSTITUTE FOR BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH INC SILVER SPRING MD
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Experiments were carried out with verbal behavior which are extensions and adaptations of general laboratory principles developed with animals. The experiments have been in three areas. The first was an application of general principles of verbal behavior, largely based on Skinners analysis of verbal behavior, to the problems of teaching a second language. Actual teaching programs were developed in German and Vietnamese. The second area of research was a program of experiments designed to test the hypothesis that training as a listener and a reader would enhance the development of speaking and writing. The experiments were carried out, using a single Vietnamese phoneme, to trace the influence on pronunciation of the subjects skill as a listener. A third class of experiments concerned motivational variables. The automatic programming of the teaching machine materials made it possible to manipulate many of the relevant reinforcers. The experiments dealt particularly with the aspect of the teaching machine performances that was reinforced. In some experiments reinforcement occurred at the end of the session when the student demonstrated the new performance in the second language. In other experiments the reinforcement occurred card by card as the student went through the program. Author
- Humanities and History