A STUDY OF MILITARY IMPLICATIONS OF PROTECTIVE DEVICES DESIGNED TO PREVENT OR AMELIORATE HEAD AND NECK INJURIES.
FEDERATION OF AMERICAN SOCIETIES FOR EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY WASHINGTON D C LIFE SCIENCES RESEARCH OFFICE
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The major crash survival variables affecting the design and testing of U. S. Army aircrewmen helmets are presented and discussed. Such factors as head acceleration limits, impact velocity, impact surfaces, impact sites, suspension and retention harnesses, helmet ventilation, impact test methods, and structural concepts are considered. An examination of all available data on the tolerance of the human head to deceleration was conducted. Consideration was given to an analysis of acceptable design limits. A parallel study of head injuries occurring in aircraft accidents was conducted to determine the significant injury areas of the head and correlate this to protection area and techniques. A cockpit survey was conducted to develop criteria for testing the helmet and liner materials. Consideration was given during the program to a preliminary investigation of helmet retention systems and head cooling techniques. A series of instrumented drop tests was conducted to investigate various helmet design concepts and materials. Double-shell and single-shell helmets of nearly equal weight were analyzed. The advantages and disadvantages of three different methods of helmet impact testing are discussed. Author
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Protective Equipment