VIRUSES IN POLAR SANITATION, A LITERATURE REVIEW.
NAVAL CIVIL ENGINEERING LAB PORT HUENEME CALIF
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The literature was reviewed to collect information on which to base an estimate of the threat to the health of polar camp personnel posed by viruses in human waste. The nature of viruses in general is outlined and the occurrence of enterovirus infections is discussed. It is concluded 1 that the uncontrolled waste disposal practices characteristic of polar camps make these areas prime targets for the spread of virus diseases, and 2 that the existing hazards could be significantly reduced by a the use of chemical toilets, b waste incineration, and c superchlorination of drinking water followed by dechlorination prior to consumption. It is recommended that 1 an investigation of the survival of enteroviruses in the polar environment be conducted, and 2 chemical or incinerating waste-treatment process be used for human waste disposal in polar areas. Author
- Hygiene and Sanitation
- Water Pollution and Control