ATC CONCEPTS FOR SUPERSONIC VEHICLES - PART I.
NATIONAL AVIATION FACILITIES EXPERIMENTAL CENTER ATLANTIC CITY N J
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This report describes dynamic simulation studies which are a part of a joint Federal Aviation Agency FAA and National Aeronautic and Space Administration NASA simulation program to determine what impact the Supersonic Transport SST will have on the Air Traffic Control ATC System, as well as the Air Traffic Control System impact on the supersonic transport operating characteristics. The simulation studies conducted at NAFEC, tested three ATC systems Present, Experimental and Pictorial Display. These systems investigated current and special control procedures, increased separation standards, high and low priority handling, and pictorial display navigation capability for SSTs. A supersonic transport flight simulator located at NASA, Hampton, Virginia, and the FAA ATC simulators at Atlantic City, New Jersey, were tied together for these studies. Actual performance and handling characteristics of a fixed and variable sweep supersonic transport configuration were simulated. Results showed that penalties in the form of delay and reduced operation rates were incurred by other air traffic in each system in which increased separation standards and high priority treatment were provided to the SSTs. Low priority treatment and present day separation standards offer the most acceptable compromise between rigid SST priority and the flexibility needed by the ATC system. Current Air Route Traffic Control Center sectors were found to be too small for efficient control of aircraft operating at supersonic speeds. Author
- Transport Aircraft
- Air Navigation and Guidance