CORROSION OF MATERIALS IN HYDROSPACE
Technical rept. Mar 1962-Jun 1966
NAVAL CIVIL ENGINEERING LAB PORT HUENEME CA
Pagination or Media Count:
A total of 1,590 specimens of 107 different alloys were exposed at depths of 2,340, 5,300, and 5,640 feet at two sites in the Pacific Ocean for 197, 1,064, and 123 days to determine the effects of deep ocean environments on the corrosion of materials. The corrosion rates, pit depths, types of corrosion, changes in mechanical properties, and analyses of corrosion products of the alloys are presented. Titanium alloys and two nickel base alloys Ni-Fe- Cr-825 and Ni-Mo-Cr-C were immune to corrosion. The corrosion rates of copper alloys and steels decreased with a decrease in the oxygen concentration of the seawater and with increasing time of exposure at a nominal depth of 5,500 feet. The corrosion rates of most of the aluminum alloys increased with increasing time of exposure and with decreasing oxygen concentration of seawater. Muntz metal, and nickel-manganese bronze were attacked by dezincification and aluminum bronze by dealuminification. All the stainless steels except types 316 and 316L, 20-Cb and 17 Cr - 7 Ni - 0.7 Ti- 0.2 Al were attacked by pitting corrosion. Only two precipitation hardened stainless steels were susceptible to stress corrosion cracking. The oceanographic parameters varied with depth. Changes in temperature and oxygen concentration exerted the most influence on the corrosion of the alloys.
- Properties of Metals and Alloys
- Marine Engineering