BUCKLING OF HEADS, CYLINDERS, AND RINGS
ARNOLD ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT CENTER ARNOLD AFB TN
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The purpose of this report is to briefly review and summarize the research that has been accomplished on the buckling of shells and to develop practical methods of stability analyses that are applicable to large fabricated shell construction. The analyses are applicable to doubly curved shells i.e., spheres, ellipsoids, dished heads, etc., to stiffened and unstiffened cylinders, and to rings. Although the methods presented were specifically developed in the analysis of the Mark I - Aerospace Environmental Facility, they may be used to analyze the general class of shells constructed by the Heavy Plate Fabricators. This general type of shell is fabricated in steel or aluminum, is relatively thick, has a relatively large radius of curvature, and is fabricated generally in accordance with the ASME-Section VIII-Unfired Pressure Vessel Code. Although the loading is basically caused by external pressure, such loadings as temperature variations and concentrated loads and moments are considered. The important effects of fabrication tolerances are also considered in the analyses.