DEVELOPMENT OF RAPID SHUTDOWN TECHNIQUES FOR CRITICAL INDUSTRIES,
STANFORD RESEARCH INST MENLO PARK CALIF
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In the event of a nuclear attack, considerable damage may result in many industries due to rapid emergency shutdown or abandonment of facilities. The process industries--including petroleum, petrochemical, and basic metals--are particularly vulnerable to shutdown damage. Sources of such damage include fires and explosions, thermal stress, and solidification of materials in vessels and pipes. Although petroleum refineries have been shut down rapidly in emergencies, such shutdowns are dangerous and may lead to extensive damage of equipment. In many refineries there is a reasonable prospect of improving the capability for rapid shutdowns through relatively modest expenditures in control equipment. Steel furnaces are particularly vulnerable to rapid shutdown. Although improvements are possible, their costs appear sizable compared with initial construction costs.
- Machinery and Tools
- Safety Engineering