SHIFTING AGREEMENT AND DISAGREEMENT IN DYADS UNDER CONDITIONS OF PERCEIVED DIFFERENCES IN TASK COMPETENCE.
WASHINGTON UNIV ST LOUIS MO DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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40 MALE AND 40 FEMALE Ss were run in like-sexed dyads in 5 replications of a 2 x 2 x 4 orthogonal design. Independent variables were a sex of Ss, b direction of difference in perceived task competence, and c mode of partner behavior Conformity, Independence, Anticonformity, Variability. A simulated interaction situation was used in which behavior of partners, as perceived by Ss, was manipulated along two dimensions of response to generate the four modes. Net Conformity and Independence scores were subjected to analysis of variance. Main results a In all but one condition, the unidimensional Conformity-Independence model was applicable b the main effect due to difference in perceived task competence was highly significant and in the expected direction c the interaction between sex of Ss and mode of partner behavior, as measured by Net Conformity scores, was significant, with males and females exhibiting opposite reactions to anticonformity and d the double-clustering of Ss perceptions of partners, found in a previous experiment on the four modes of behavior but without differences in perceived competence, did not emerge with any consistency. Author