NORMALITY RELATIONS AND CONVEXITY OF YIELD SURFACES FOR UNSTABLE MATERIALS OR STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS.
BROWN UNIV PROVIDENCE R I DIV OF ENGINEERING
Pagination or Media Count:
The stress-strain relations for materials and the load-deflection relations for structural elements play corresponding roles in the analysis of three-dimensional continua and of structures respectively. Mathematically equivalent and phenomenologically quite similar, they are treated simultaneously here. As in previous treatments of stable rising plastic stress-strain curves, unstable falling curves in simple shear or tension are generalized to all states of stress through the exploration of the work done in a cycle of stress Drucker and in a cycle of strain Ilyushin. The plastic increment of strain is found to be normal to the current yield surface for a wide class of unstable materials in which a continuous variation of strain produces a unique continuous variation of stress and of the shape and position of the yield surface. In the absence of any significant alteration in the stable elastic response, each yield surface then is shown to be convex. The degree of concavity possible when the elastic response is stable but is non-linear and does alter appreciably due to plastic deformation is illustrated by a non-linear elastic spring and a plastic block in parallel. Such concavity would not be observable in the yield surfaces of common structural metals, but might be found for soils, rocks or concrete and can be quite pronounced for structural elements. Author
- Structural Engineering and Building Technology