CULTURAL INFLUENCES ON ORGANIZATIONS: PTA'S IN JAPAN, HAWAII AND MAINLAND U.S.A.
HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU EAST-WEST CENTER FOR CULTURAL EXCHANGE
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Local PTAs in continental United States, Honolulu, and Tokyo, were surveyed to determine the nature of their leadership, the kinds of problems they confront, and the degree of autonomy each displayed. The study was the second aimed to discover to what extent Japanese community-based organizations reveal evidences of centralized vs. distributed control and related behavioral evidences of personal preferences that discriminate between Japanese and Americans. The results suggest that PTAs in Japan, more than in the USA, are led by persons who have attained, in other activities, a recognized leadership status. The frequency and type of meetings held are consistent with the personal preferences of Americans for less autonomy. The Japanese tend more than the Americans to concentrate attention and resources on the problems of their own school with correspondingly less concern with issues extending to higher levels in the PTA or educational hierarchy. In many of these respects number of meetings, status of leadership, and dispersion of concerns, the Hawaiian associations fell between the mainland Americans and the Japanese. Author
- Sociology and Law
- Humanities and History