SELECTED FACIAL MEASUREMENTS OF CHILDREN FOR OXYGEN-MASK DESIGN
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION OKLAHOMA CITY OK CIVIL AEROMEDICAL INST
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Requirements for design of oxygen masks and other equipment for effective protection of children in high-altitude flight necessitate a new facial-measurement series. A program to meet this demand was initiated to 1 select a basic set of standard measurements, 2 define and standardize new measurements of specific structural features based on well-defined or established anatomical landmarks, 3 conduct a series of surveys on selected representative children of all ages, and 4 determine significant dimensional ranges of facial structures for use as standardized design criteria. The new series provides 10 standard and 8 new facial measurements, all of which are dimensionally related to other common measuring points to permit a comparison with other series of facial measurements. This survey is based upon a selected population of 978 Caucasian subjects of ages 1 month through 17 years. The number of subjects in each age and sex group was controlled to assure constant sample distribution throughout the series. A continuation of this study is proposed to include representative populations for both the Negro and Mongoloid types.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Life Support Systems