Accession Number:

AD0640062

Title:

SELECTED FACIAL MEASUREMENTS OF CHILDREN FOR OXYGEN-MASK DESIGN

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION OKLAHOMA CITY OK CIVIL AEROMEDICAL INST

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1966-04-01

Pagination or Media Count:

18.0

Abstract:

Requirements for design of oxygen masks and other equipment for effective protection of children in high-altitude flight necessitate a new facial-measurement series. A program to meet this demand was initiated to 1 select a basic set of standard measurements, 2 define and standardize new measurements of specific structural features based on well-defined or established anatomical landmarks, 3 conduct a series of surveys on selected representative children of all ages, and 4 determine significant dimensional ranges of facial structures for use as standardized design criteria. The new series provides 10 standard and 8 new facial measurements, all of which are dimensionally related to other common measuring points to permit a comparison with other series of facial measurements. This survey is based upon a selected population of 978 Caucasian subjects of ages 1 month through 17 years. The number of subjects in each age and sex group was controlled to assure constant sample distribution throughout the series. A continuation of this study is proposed to include representative populations for both the Negro and Mongoloid types.

Subject Categories:

  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations
  • Life Support Systems

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE