COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS: RESEARCH IN PROGRESS AT THE RAND CORPORATION.
RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
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In the late fall of 1957 a continuing research project was established. One of the first themes of the groups doctrine was that linguistic research would be necessary before automatic translation could be made real another, conceived soon after, was that a parsing program could be independent of the grammar of any particular natural language. A modestly successful system for Russian-to-English translation was assembled by 1960 the dictionary, grammar, and rules of translation were all very small, but by then it had become clear that the broader field of computational linguistics deserved general attention, and that machine translation should either be pursued as a developmental task, using existing techniques for a practical purpose, or set aside to await progress of a fundamental nature. The latter course was followed at RAND. The current work of the linguistics group includes theoretical studies, descriptive studies of English and Russian, and development of basic computing tools. Author