A STUDY OF ONE-HANDED LIFTING
ANTIOCH COLL YELLOW SPRINGS OH
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The research study is intended to aid in establishing realistic criteria for size and weight of industrial packages. Size and weight, objective and subjective factors that potentially affect human weight-lifting, and proper approach to the design of industrial loads are discussed. Additional programs of investigation that would clarify other aspects of the problem are outlined. This study examined the interaction of two variables--weight and width--of one-- handled, symmetrical boxes that a sample of 30 adult males were able to lift from the floor to a table 30 inches high. No carrying was invvolved. The subject sample was chosen to be a reasonable representation by height and weight of the U. S. Air Force population. All lifts were made with the preferred hand under ideal laboratory conditions. Box width was varied from 6 to 32 inches. The maximum weight of box that subjects were able to lift varied linearly, but inversely, with the width of the box. From this sample, the maximum weight that 95 of the population would be able to lift--but not necessarily carry--can be expressed by a linear equation Y 60 -X, were Y is the weight in pounds of the package to be lifted and X is the width in inches. The numerical values of this formula provide a recommended upper limit on the design of industrial or military equipment which must be lifted under ideal conditions. If the expected conditions of use are less than ideal, or if carrying for appreciable distances is likely to be necessary, reasonable reductions in weight, or size, or both should be made by the manufacturer.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems