PERSISTENCE OF SMALL-SCALE FEATURES IN THE MESOSPHERIC WIND FIELD.
Environmental research papers.
AIR FORCE CAMBRIDGE RESEARCH LABS L G HANSCOM FIELD MASS
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A special series of nine paired ROBIN falling sphere soundings was obtained over a six-hour period on 6 March 1965, as part of an investigation into the small-scale features of the wind field in the upper stratosphere and lower mesosphere. These soundings allow a simultaneous analysis of the temporal and spatial extent of the observed wave-like variations of the zonal wind. In the mesosphere the altitude interval between 45 and 60 km such variations are persistent. Individual features are followed throughout the six-hour observation program, and laterally extended. Soundings separated by 50 km show quite good correspondence among gross features. The interpretation of the wind oscillations as evidence of internal waves is considered, and horizontal and vertical wave parameters are determined. Vertical wavelengths are computed to be of the order of 3 km, while horizontal wave lengths are determined to be about 400 km, leading to a horizontalvertical scale ratio of 1201. There are also suggestions of horizontal and vertical wave amplitudes of about 5 msec and 4 cmsec, and periods of oscillation of about 13 hours. Author
- Atmospheric Physics