PERCEPTION OF LEADERSHIP IN SMALL GROUPS.
STANFORD UNIV CALIF GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS
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The problem was to determine whether there were personality differences between choices following small group discussions. Such personality differences, if they existed, could predict the emergence of leadership behavior in initially leaderless groups. There were 26 personality differences significant at the .05 level or higher between the extremes in MBA five or four man discussion groups on either number of times talked, or sociometric choices of leadership, or guidance, or best ideas, or being liked. There were 14 personality differences significant at the .05 level or higher in the combination of MBA and Executive Development Program five man groups on either guidance, best ideas, or being liked. Ascendance and General Activity were higher for the number I men in Guidance in each of the three sets of groups, MBA five man groups, MBA four man groups, and combined Executive Development Program and MBA five man groups. Individual Background Survey scores were higher for number I MBA five man groups on Leader and Guidance, and four man groups on Guidance and Best Ideas.