ON THE ADDED MASS OF A SPHERE IN A CIRCULAR CYLINDER CONSIDERING REAL FLUID EFFECTS.
CALIFORNIA INST OF TECH PASADENA HYDRODYNAMICS LAB
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An experimental method combined with boundary layer theory is given for evaluating the added mass of a sphere moving along the axis of a circular cylinder filled with water or oil. The real fluid effects are separated from idela fluid effects. The experimental method consists essentially of a magnetic steel sphere propelled from rest by an electromagnetic coil in which the current is accurately controlled so that it only supplies force for a short time interval which is within the laminar flow regime of the fluid. The motion of the sphere as a function of time is recorded on single frame photographs using a short-arc multiple flash lamp with accurately controlled time intervals between flashes. A concept of the effect of boundary layer displacement on the fluid flow around a sphere is introduced to evaluate the real fluid effects on the added mass. Surprisingly accurate agreement between experiment and theory is achieved. Author
- Fluid Mechanics