HOSTILE PRESS AND INTERNAL VERSUS EXTERNAL STANDARDS OF SUCCESS AND FAILURE.
BUCKNELL UNIV LEWISBURG PA
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The Ss were 44 male Bucknell University students enrolled in an introductory psychology class. A true-false questionnaire was used to determine whether the Ss conceptualized success and failure in terms of internal or external evaluative criteria. Because of the extreme external orientation of the fear of failure FF individual defined in terms of the Hostile Press scoring system of the TAT in an achievement situation, it was hypothesized that the FF individual would conceptualize success and failure in terms of external rather than internal evaluative criteria. The results supported the hypothesis. Author