SOVIET LONG-RANGE SPACE-EXPLORATION PROGRAM: ANALYTICAL SURVEY
Pt. 2, rept. B on ATD work assignment no. 57
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY DIV
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This analytical survey is based on Soviet open sources published 1956-1965. It is one of a series of reports dealing with the Soviet long-range space-exploration program and is concerned, in particular, with lunar surface research. Information not directly related to this subject has been included because of its broad implications for study in this field. This report may prove useful to lunar mission planners, both those concerned with the purely scientific aspects of the moons surface and immediate subsurface and those involved in the development of lunar exploration vehicles and in the establishment of permanent lunar bases. Information is divided as follows Photometric observations spectral observations measurement of lunar temperatures the meteor slag theory interpretation of lunar craters lunar seismicity radio echo studies lunar atmosphere. The main purpose of this report is to present an up-to-date summary of the current state of Soviet knowledge concerning the surface of the moon. The question of lunar topography is of obvious importance to the landing of instrument packages and manned vehicles on the moon. Every major aspect of the current lunar research program has been considered and all pertinent evidence available from Soviet sources has been reviewed. Much Soviet effort in lunar studies has been directed toward the problems which will have to be solved in order to ensure a tolerable margin of safety for the astronauts who will be going there.