STUDIES OF DISPLAY SYMBOL LEGIBILITY. PART IV. THE EFFECTS OF BRIGHTNESS, LETTER SPACING, SYMBOL BACKGROUND RELATION AND SURROUND BRIGHTNESS ON THE LEGIBILITY OF CAPITAL LETTERS
MITRE CORP BEDFORD MA
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Two exploratory studies are reported in which the effects of brightness, letter spacing, symbol background relation, and surround brightness on legibility were determined. As a measure of legibility, both studies used the reciprocal of the visual angle subtended at the eye by capital letters when the subject identified correctly 50 percent of the letters in a matrix. A matrix consisted of 20 letters arranged in 4 rows and 5 columns. The first study showed that legibility was significantly altered by brightness, spacing, and symbol background relations. The complexity of the effects of each of these factors was shown by the significant interactions among them. The second study showed surround brightness for the light letters on a dark background to be significant factor in legibility.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Non-Radio Communications