INITIATION OF STRUCTURE, CONSIDERATION, AND TASK PERFORMANCE IN INTERCULTURAL DISCUSSION GROUPS.
ILLINOIS UNIV URBANA GROUP EFFECTIVENESS RESEARCH LAB
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Ratings of the leaders Initiation of Structure and Consideration were obtained from members of 36 intercultural discussion groups consisting of one American and one Indian graduate student plus an American leader. Ratings of Group Atmosphere, Esteem for Leader, and Effectiveness of Leader were also obtained after each group had completed an intercultural negotiation task and also after completing a group creativity task. Results showed that on both tasks the American and Indian members Esteem for Leader and Group Atmosphere ratings were positively correlated with the leaders considerate behavior but were not related to the leaders structuring behavior. The leaders Effectiveness as rated by Americans was positively correlated with both Consideration and Initiation of Structure scores. When rated by the Indian subjects, the leaders Effectiveness was correlated only with his Consideration score. The leaders self ratings of Consideration and Initiation of Structure both were positively correlated with his own rating of the Group Atmosphere and with his rating of his own Effectiveness. The group performance scores were unrelated to Consideration ratings. However, group performance was positively related to the Initiation of Structure ratings, but this finding was specific to the culture and the task. The results were discussed in terms of differences in role expectations between the two cultural groups. Author