ADAPTATION TO EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS: PREDICTION OF PERFORMANCE
NAVY MEDICAL NEUROPSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH UNIT SAN DIEGO CA
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The report summarizes a series of studies concerned with environmental and psychological factors related to adjustment or performance in isolated Antarctic groups. These studies were designed to provide support for the Navys psychiatric assessment program and to aid in selection of suitable military and civilian applicants for service at Antarctic scientific stations. Possible sources and effects of stress in this type of confined environment are considered. Methods developed for the measurement of individual and group performance are described, and results of studies conducted to evaluate the predictive validities of biographical, clinical, and personality data are presented in detail. Studies of emotional and motivational changes during the long Antarctic winter and the relationships of such changes to occupational and social roles, psychological needs, and effective work performance are reported.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Stress Physiology