EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF SIMULATED HEAT AND MOISTURE LOADS IN SHELTERS
IIT RESEARCH INST CHICAGO IL
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An experimental program was carried out to determine the variation of temperatures inside a fallout shelter, and in the surrounding soil, under conditions of simulated occupancy. Variables investigated included the ventilation rate, and the size and shape of the shelter structure. The experimental shelters had floor areas of 21 x 21, 21 x 7, and 7 x 7 ft., all with a 7-ft. ceiling height, and were loaded with 45, 15, and 5 simulated occupants respectively. Each shelter was ventilated at constant rates of 0, 3, 7, and 15 cfm per occupant for periods up to two weeks. The supply air was maintained at a constant dew-point temperature of 69 deg F and a dry-bulb temperature that varied sinusoidally between 75 and 95 deg F each day. Detailed test data are given for the variation of temperatures with time and location.
- Air Conditioning, Heating, Lighting and Ventilating
- Structural Engineering and Building Technology