THE EFFECTS OF INTER-GROUP COMPETITION IN QUASI-THERAPEUTIC LEADERS ON THE ADJUSTMENT OF SMALL MILITARY GROUPS.
ILLINOIS UNIV URBANA GROUP EFFECTIVENESS RESEARCH LAB
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The study investigated the effects of two variables inter-squad competition vs. non-competition, and quasi-therapeutic vs. non-therapeutic squad leaders on the adjustment, interpersonal relations, and task effectiveness of military squads. The covariance control variables were the dependent variables own pretest counterpart and a measure of trainees perceived harassment. The major results were 1 The competitive activity and the manner in which it was implemented by the cadre of the experimental companies significantly increased perceptions of harassment by trainees in the competitive squads. 2 When perceived harassment was statistically controlled by analysis of covariance, the adjustment and task effectiveness of the competitive squads improved significantly relative to the control squads. The improved adjustment appeared to be primarily in the task-related areas. No improvement in interpersonal relations was found for the competitive squads. 3 No reliable main effects were found for the quasi-therapeutic leader manipulation. 4 Some interactive effects of competition and quasi-therapeutic leadership were found. Author