AGRICULTURAL LAND TENURE ARRANGEMENTS ON THE NORTHERN COAST OF PERU
RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA
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Two major categories in the tenure taxonomy are distinguished active elements and passive elements. The former consist of those participants in man-land relationships who supply managerial ability, labor, and perhaps land and capital resouces. The latter refer to those who contribute land and capital resources. The basic distinction is between the provision of human labor and managerial ability and non-human land and capital resources. Returns to unskilled human resources tend to be relatively low in the agricultural sector of this region. An improvement in the earnings of farm laborers can only come once the level of productivity of agricultural wage workers is raised by putting at their disposal training in and use of improved methods and tools. The minifundia working as a part-time agricultural laborer must be eliminated and the peasant farmer given access to information and stimulated and aided to utilize better seeds and planting practices, fertilizers, irrigation improvements, insecticides and provided proper facilities for marketing the increased output. A tenure structure which encourages or rests upon minifundia, whether owner or tenant operated, as appears to be the case on the North Coast, must be altered to remove these characteristics. Some of the major obstacles to increased levels of performance arise from the current distribution of returns to resource use or insecurity of sharing in the flow of increased returns owing to improvements in the level of performance.
- Agricultural Economics
- Economics and Cost Analysis