EFFECTIVENESS OF PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS DESIGNED TO INTEGRATE LOWER-LEVEL SUPPORTING BEHAVIORS INTO HIGHER-LEVEL BEHAVIORS IN A LEARNING PROGRAM FOR COMPUTER FLOW CHART DESIGN.
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The study sought to evaluate a preliminary version of a learning program designed to teach computer flow charting. A method suggested by Gagne was applied to the task of designing computer flow charts. Analysis began by identifying the supporting behaviors needed to perform the criterion task. It was impossible to obtain a complete hierarchical structure for the flow charting task. Instructional materials were developed for virtually all of the learning sets. These materials comprised the basic or control program. In the experimental program integrative instructional materials were added to the control program. Each trainee spent 15 hours on a program. Trainee flow charts were rated on three skills, 1 symbolic representation, 2 configural design, and 3 conceptual formulation. Moderate support for a hierarchical task structure is found for the skill area of symbolic representation. The remaining two areas seem to conform much less to a hierarchical organization. In addition to the data obtained by ratings, observation of trainees while they worked on flow chart design problems uncovered procedural or process behaviors which characterized the more successful trainees. Author
- Humanities and History
- Computer Programming and Software
- Computer Hardware