SIMULATION TECHNIQUES AND THEIR APPLICATION,
SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
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The purpose of this paper is to review briefly some of the more important simulation techniques and their applications. Special emphasis is given to current research in the behavioral sciences which involves the use of electronic computers. It is hoped that this paper will indicate the potential fruitfulness of computer simulation techniques in social research. The technique has been utilized for leadership training and as a clinical tool in Morenos psychodrama. Early development of games, such as chess, was another form of simulation. In chess, battle situations were simulated and opponents sought to develop a strategy, according to certain rules, that would enable them to realize the greatest expected payoff. These gaming techniques became useful as a means for testing alternative plans for action. The second stage for simulation is that of modeling for scientific purposes. Its aim is that of creating certain conditions in a controlled setting. By doing so, it provides a close look at phenomena that cannot be observed with accuracy outside of the simulated situation. A third stage in the development of simulation appears to focus on creating the surrounding stimuli to give man an opportunity to familiarize himself with and learn to cope with new situations. The fourth stage of simulation, made possible by the advent of the computer, is characterized by the development of a system simulation involving people and equipment functioning in an integrated way to achieve specific objectives. The most recent developments in simulation are further extensions of simulating the human being. At present there are attempts being made to create computer simulations of higher mental processes of human beings.
- Sociology and Law
- Operations Research