A COMPARISON, UNDER ARCTIC SURVIVAL CONDITIONS, OF A PEMMICAN-TYPE MEAT BAR WITH AN ISOCALORIC RATION OF SUCROSE PLUS ELECTROLYTES.
Progress rept. 1 Jan-1 Jun 64,
HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU PACIFIC BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH CENTER
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The basis of current arctic survival ration is pemmican or a meat bar composed of powdered lean meat mixed with fat. The present experiment compares, under survival conditions, metabolic changes in men fasting completely, men receiving sucrose and electrolyte supplements, and men receiving the meat bar. Eighteen men divided into three groups of six men each, ate a standard diet of USAF IF No. 10 rations in barracks for two days, then underwent a seven-day simulated survival situation. Isocaloric intake of pemmican at this level did not appear to have any great advantage over simple starvation, whereas sucrose with a sodium salt supplement prevented or ameliorated some of the symptoms of starvation. It was concluded that although the caloric density and high protein content of pemmican are advantageous to fully-fed men, pemmican is inferior to sucrose plus sodium salts for severly limited calorie regime. Author
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Food, Food Service and Nutrition
- Escape, Rescue and Survival