Accession Number:

AD0628897

Title:

AMELIORATIVE MEASURES IN FASTING, SUBARCTIC SURVIVAL SITUATIONS.

Descriptive Note:

Progress rept. 1 Jan-1 Jun 64,

Corporate Author:

HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU PACIFIC BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH CENTER

Report Date:

1965-11-01

Pagination or Media Count:

12.0

Abstract:

The experiment was undertaken to explore practicable measures that might minimize dehydration and other metabolic derangements in a fasting, arctic survival situation. Twenty-eight men, divided into four groups, were fed a standard diet of USAF IF No. 10 rations in barracks for two days, then subjected to a three-day simulated survival situation, followed by two days of standard diet in barracks. Group A received no supplements, Group B received an electrolyte supplement administered as 150 mEq NaCl the first day and 150 mEq NaHCO3 the next two days, Group C 500 kcal as sucrose, and Group D 500 kcal as sucrose plus electrolyte as in B. Results suggest that a survival ration could, with benefit, comprise 500 kcalday of carbohydrate supplemented with a sodium salt, as this combination ameliorates dehydration, hypoglycemia and ketonuria ordinarily associated with a survival situation. Provision of sodium as bicarbonate did not appear to be of any advantage. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Food, Food Service and Nutrition
  • Escape, Rescue and Survival

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE