EFFECTIVENESS AND STUDENT ACCEPTANCE OF INDIRECT PAIRED ASSOCIATES LEARNING.
NAVAL TRAINING DEVICE CENTER PORT WASHINGTON N Y
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Direct learning, a conventional paired-associates memorizing task was compared with indirect learning, a game-like memorizing task. The two learning tasks were studied under two conditions no task overloading and task overloading. Two hundred college students with Verbal SAT scores of 500 or below participated in short learning tasks. It was found that 1 Direct learning is superior when learning is measured by recall. 2 The two learning tasks are about equally effective when learning is measured by recognition. 3 Direct learning elicits less favorable attitudes. 4 Direct learning appears less resistant to task overloading. Author