LAMINAR SEPARATION IN SUPERSONIC AND HYPERSONIC FLOWS.
Final rept. 1 Nov 64-31 Oct 65,
VON KARMAN INST FOR FLUID DYNAMICS RHODE-SAINT-GENESE (BELGIUM)
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High speed two-dimensional reattaching flows are characterized by the development of regularly spaced vortices in the boundary layer, whose effect is to produce heat transfer rates at reattachment which are, locally over the span, considerably higher in laminar and transitional flows than in the turbulent case. These results are expected to occur both at supersonic and hypersonic speeds, as these vortices were observed over a range of Mach numbers of 1.5 to 7.0. A basic difference in the recovery of total energy at reatachment was observed between laminar and transitional flows over ramps. In the latter case, the recovery temperature was maximum at reattachment and decreased to the laminar theoretical value in a region downstream of reattachment, where the flow was turbulent. The aerodynamic heating of sweptback wings can be predicted by a simple method derived from flat plate theory and by superimposing flow components parallel and perpendicular to the leading edge. Streamwise vortices do not seem to affect the average heat transfer coefficient. Author
- Fluid Mechanics