GEOMETRY AND PATTERNS OF LARGE APERTURE SEISMIC ARRAYS
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LINCOLN LAB
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A study of possible configurations for a Large Aperture Seismic Array has been completed. An array having 21 identical subarrays located on three concentric circles has been found to yield the most satisfactory pattern in wave number space of all the configurations tested. Patterns for some alternative placements of subarrays, including that of the experimental LASA in Montana, have been included in this report. This study of patterns in wave number space has yielded the suggestion that a LASA having a diameter of 200 km should be composed of subarrays from 10 to 15 km in diameter. Such an increase of subarray size above the 7 km diameter subarrays of the experimental LASA would require the use of less regular subarray geometries than those which have been used in Montana. A sensitivity function for patterns has been developed. This function can be used to predict the change in patterns which might result from changes in seismometer or subarray positions. Since the sensitivity function predicts possible changes in patterns, it can be used to set bounds upon changes in an array which can be made without severely changing the pattern. The tight bounds imposed by the sensitivity function can be relaxed if the pattern resulting from any anticipated change in position is actually computed. Since very little computer time is required to compute a pattern, this procedure is highly recommended.
- Seismic Detection and Detectors