EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES ON TARGET DETECTION, EVALUATION AND INTERCEPTION BY ECHOLOCATING BATS.
Final rept. May 64-Feb 65,
SENSORY SYSTEMS LAB TUCSON ARIZ
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The echolocation techniques of bats provide functioning models with useful attributes versatility of application, ultra-miniaturization of components, and processing methods capable of dealing rapidly and reliably with complex echo indications despite the inherent slowness of unit neural components. Present experiments, carried out on captive bats trained to catch natural and artificial targets projected into their flight paths, have quantified certain basic measures of performance. Spheres as small as 116 inch diameter were detected and localized at two or more feet, with resulting interceptions being accomplished in 14 second. Final localization accuracies of 1 cubic centimeter were sometimes achieved, even when resolution of up to 16 nearby targets was required. Massive or complex clutter backgrounds tended to reduce interception performance at short target-to-clutter distances, but some interceptions were accurately completed during actual contact with natural twigs or goliage or when pursuit paths had to be radically adapted to background configurations. Interception scores for food targets sometimes exceeded 99 while like-size negative targets of a different shape could be correctly discriminated roughly 95 of the time. Author
- Acoustic Detection and Detectors