THE BEHAVIOUR OF FREE MOLECULE CYLINDRICAL LANGMUIR PROBES IN SUPERSONIC FLOWS, AND THEIR APPLICATION TO THE STUDY OF THE BLUNT BODY STAGNATION LAYER,
TORONTO UNIV (ONTARIO) INST FOR AEROSPACE STUDIES
Pagination or Media Count:
Experiments were performed in an RF generated, low density plasma flow to determine the behaviour of small, cylindrical Langmuir probes in high-speed flows. All mean free paths were large compared to the probe diameter except the mean free path for ion-ion collisions. The tests indicated that under simulated static conditions probe axis parallel to flow velocity, the theory of Laframboise represented the ion current characteristic well when the ratio between radius of probe and Debye length was large, but not when the probe radius was comparable to or smaller than the Debye length. The results indicated clearly that the ion current decreased with increasing normal velocity, reached a minimum, and then increased again for subsequent increases in velocity. Subsequently, the probes were used in a study of the charged particle number density and electron temperature distributions in the stagnation region of a flat-nosed cylinder in supersonic flow. The electron temperature had a constant value throughout the bow shock and the entire shock layer. The charged particle number density distribution measurements provided a graphic demonstration of the merging of the bow shock and the boundary layer at a value of Reynolds number of about 100, and also furnished evidence of the diffusive separation of the ions and atoms in the shock wave. Independent measurements of the ion flux to the stagnation point wall were in good agreement with the Langmuir probe measurements in the shock layer.
- Fluid Mechanics