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THE THEORY OF URINE FORMATION IN WATER DIURESIS WITH IMPLICATIONS FOR ANTIDIURESIS.
MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK INST FOR FLUID DYNAMICS AND APPLIED MATHEMATICS
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A model of the renal medulla is investigated in which active NaCl transport is restricted to thick ascending limb of Henles loop. The model contains a vas rectum, a loop of Henle, salt, and water. The model generates interstitial osmolality curves consonant with the known functioning of the kidney in water diuresis. Using data from the white rate and the curves generated by the model, one can predict the permeability of the thin limb of Henles loop to NaCl and the percentage of total renal blood flow entering the inner medulla. In this model interstitial osmolality at the papilla can be about twice plasma osmolality, so that NaCl transport restricted to the outer medulla can contribute significantly to the work required in producing a hypertonic urine. However, the interstitial osmolality monotonically decreases proceeding from the junction of the outer and inner medulla to the papilla, and the maximum interstitial osmolality in the outer medulla is greater than the maximum interstitial osmolality in the inner medulla. Thus it is inferred that a source of active transport located in the inner medulla is needed to explain the high osmolalities observed in hydropenia. A sketch of an alternative model, a lineal multiplication mechanism, for the renal concentrating process is presented in which active transport in the inner medulla is restricted to active salt transport by the collecting duct. The lineal multiplication mechanism makes no use of countercurrent multipliers in the inner medulla. Author
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE