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CHANGES IN THE JUDGMENTS OF SENSITIZERS AND REPRESSERS IN RESPONSE TO FAILURE AND SUCCESS EVALUATIONS OF GROUP PERFORMANCE,
EMORY UNIV ATLANTA GA
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The study was intended to test hypotheses concerning the differential responses of sensitizers those subjects utilizing primarily approaching responses to anxiety and repressers those subjects utilizing primarily avoiding responses to anxiety to authoritative evaluations of group performance. Four five-man groups of sensitizers and four groups of repressers were assigned to each of the following experimental conditions failure, success and neutrality. These conditions were evaluations of group performances that had taken place in immediately preceding problem-solving, non-face-to-face activities. Before and after measures were obtained of subjects judgments of their actual fastest and slowest times and their ideal fastest and slowest times. The major conclusion drawn from this experiment was that group factors may constitute a set of mitigating conditions that intervene between the presence of stimuli and their effects on the manifest productions of personality. Group factors were believed to have operated in our experiment in two ways first, via the task of making judgments of group performance, and second, via the anxiety-reducing presence of similar others in a group context when confronted with social evaluation.
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